Adolf Hitler Biography Essay

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler was born on April 20,1889. This was the beginning with
horrible plans for power and control of other people.Some of the things that
Hitler did throughout his life were very cruel things; first of all, he was a
man who loved war and fighting. Second, he was in charge of putting all of the
innocent Jews into Concentration Camps and killing them. Third, he wanted one
dominate race of all the same kind of people. Fourth, he had a life long
obsession with danger. Fifth, he blamed the Jews for the war debt and sentenced
them all to die. So as you can see already Hitler was a very cruel person.
The fact that he wanted one dominate race was unbelievably true. First
of all, the fact he would kill everyone one way or another that didn"t have
blond hair and blue eye and was of German descent, was a frightening fact. The
idea of this gives me quite a scare my self, because I have brown hair, and
brown eyes and would I have been killed just because I did not Hitlers physical
standards. Also Hitler himself did not have blond hair and blue eyes. Next, I
don"t think that you should judge anyone by the way they look or what they do;
that is very wrong. Hitler"s idea of one dominate race was a very bad one.
Adolf Hitler was born in an Austrian town known as Braunau am Inn.
Hitler was the son of a man named Alois. Alois Hitler"s father was a Custom
official"s, and his mother was named Klara. Alois was illegitimate, first of all
he used his mother"s name, Schicklgruber until 1876, when he adopted the name
Hitler. Adolf"s father was very strict with him, and ignored him most of the
time because Adolf liked to dream. As you can see Adolf did not idealize his
father very much, and his death in 1903 actually came as a relief to Adolf.
Adolf really idealized his mother, whose death in 1907 had a traumatic effect on
him. So as you can see Adolf lead a very mixed up childhood.
As Hitler grew up, he failed as a student in the classical secondary
schools. This led Hitler to new opportunities, for instance his desire to become
an artist. Adolf tried to pursue this dream but, was unable to attain admission
to the Academy of Fine Arts. Since he was unable to do anything, he lead a
shadowy, alienated existence in multicultural Vienna until 1913. Hitler was
described as living his life in melancholy, aimlessness, and racial hatred.
Also in Vienna he established his life long obsession with danger. Hitler was a
failure at virtually everything he tried in his early years as you can see.
In 1913 Hitler went to Munich, partly to evade being drafted into the
Austrian army. There he answered the call to colors at the outbreak of World
War I and Served in the Bavarian Sixteenth Regiment on the Western Front. This
turned Hitler"s life around, for example, he distinguished himself for bravery
and was awarded the Iron Cross, First Class. For the first time in Hitler"s life,
he had found a home. He glorified, for example, the "raw majesty of life under
fire, the beauty of comradeship, and the nobility of the warrior." His soldiery
dreams of victory and fulfillment were shattered, however, by German defeat. He
became convinced that Germany had been "stabbed in the back" by Jews and
Marxists. So now you can see that this started his extreme hatred if the Jewish
people and the realization he needed to become involved in this problem.
After the war, Hitler returned to Munich and joined a small National
group called the German Workers Party. In 1920, this group changed it"s name to
the National Socialist German Workers Party, which became known as the Nazi
party. Some of the things t Nazi"s called for were the creation of a strong
central government, and the cancellation of the Versailles Treaty. So in
conclusion Hitler became very involved in this new party.
Hitler was a skillful schemer, politician, and organizer. For example,
he became leader of the Nazi party and built up membership fast. This came
partly from his ability to stir street crowds with his speeches. Hitler had too
much control over the Nazi party; for example he attacked the government and
assured that the Nazi party would assure jobs for workers and greatness for
Germany. So in concusion Hitler was proving to be a good organizer and
Hitler organized a private army of hoodlums who became known as storm
troopers. They fought Communist and others who tried to break up the Nazi party.
Hitler established many of these. For example, in October 1923, he had 15,000
Nazi party members with machine guns and rifles. Next, to identify these men as
special Nazi party members, he gave them brown shirts with swastikas on them to
distinguish them as part of the Nazi party.
In 1923 Germany was deep in trouble; first it"s money had lost almost
all of it"s value because of severe economic problems. Second, France and
Belgium had sent troops to occupy the Rhur valley of Germany. Third, the
Bavarian state government in Munich was open to conflict with the national
government in Berlin. Hitler regarded this quarrel as a chance to take over both
the Bavarian and the national German governments. So as you can see Hitler was
starting to get himself into trouble.
On November 8, 1923, at a rally in a Munich beer hall, Hitler proclaimed
a Nazi revolution. The next day he tried to seize the Bavarian government in
what became known as the Beer Hall Putsch. Hitler led more than 2,000 Storm
Troopers in a march against the government. This led to the police opening fire
and killing 16 Nazis the plot failed. Hitler was arrested and sent to jail for 5
years in prison for treason. Asa result the revolution failed.
Because some Germans agreed with his ideas, Hitler was freed after only
nine months. Great changes had taken place in Germany since his imprisonment.
For example, most of the people had begun to get homes, jobs, and had hope for
the future. Once Hitler was released, he reformed the Nazi party. They had been
banned and many of the members had gone to other political parties. Hitler said
that he would not let the Nazi group would not do anymore illegal acts, and the
government made them reform. Hitler also made up a private army of elite guards,
after his release, the Schutzstaffel, known as the SS. The SS was a battle ready
army. In final conclusion after the release of Hitler he had reformed a plan to
refine the party further.
In 1930 a worldwide depression hit Germany. This first of all caused
people to face unemployment and hunger again. This depression started the same
year that Germany agreed to pay the Young Plan which it had agreed to follow to
pay off the war debt. Hitler"s opposition to the plan made him known throughout
the country. First, he led protest marches. Second, he organized mass meetings.
Third, he made many speeches. In conclusion you can see Hitler was looking for
someone to pay for what happened to Germany in the World War I. The war debt had
to be paid.
Hitler added his old arguments to the question of the war debt payment
plan. First of all he blamed Jews, and Communist, for Germany"s defeat in World
War I. He thought that now the Jews were plotting to cheat "true" Germans by
destroying the fruit of their years of struggle. Because of this Hitler promised
to rid Germany of the Germans and the Communist, and reunite the parts of Europe
in which German was spoken. As you can see Hitler already started to rise to
great power, and bring about the expulsion of all Jews.
In Conclusion you can now understand that the rise of Adolf Hitler marks
a violent chapter in German history. He and his Nazi party still have fallowers
today, hopefully not to the same end.


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Adolf Hitler

Biography >> World War II

  • Occupation: Dictator of Germany
  • Born: April 20, 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary
  • Died: April 30 1945 in Berlin, Germany
  • Best known for: Starting World War II and the Holocaust

Adolf Hitler was the leader of Germany from 1933 to 1945. He was leader of the Nazi party and became a powerful dictator. Hitler started World War II by invading Poland and then invading many other European countries. He is also known for wanting to exterminate the Jewish people in the Holocaust.

Adolf Hitler
from the US Holocaust Museum

Where did Hitler grow up?

Adolf was born on April 20, 1899 in a city named Braunau am Inn in the country of Austria. His family moved around some, living a short while in Germany and then back to Austria. Hitler did not have a happy childhood. Both his parents died fairly young and many of his brothers and sisters died as well.

Adolf did not do well in school. He was expelled from a couple of schools before he moved to Vienna, Austria to pursue his dream of becoming an artist. While living in Vienna, Hitler found that he did not have much artistic talent and he soon became very poor. He would later move to Munich, Germany in hopes of becoming an architect.

Soldier in World War I

When World War I began, Hitler joined the German army. Adolf was awarded twice with the Iron Cross for bravery. It was during World War I that Hitler became a strong German patriot and also came to love war.

Rise in Power

After the war, Hitler entered politics. Many Germans were upset that they had lost the war. They were also not happy with the Treaty of Versailles, which not only blamed the war on Germany, but took land from Germany. At the same time, Germany was in an economic depression. Many people were poor. Between the depression and the Treaty of Versailles, the time was ripe for Hitler to rise to power.

Mussolini (left) and Hitler
from the National Archives

Once entering politics, Hitler discovered that he was gifted in giving speeches. His speeches were powerful and people believed what he said. Hitler joined the Nazi party and soon became its leader. He promised Germany that if he became leader he would restore Germany to greatness in Europe. In 1933 he was elected Chancellor of Germany.

After becoming Chancellor, there was no stopping Hitler. He had studied his idol, Benito Mussolini of Italy, about how to install a fascist government and become a dictator. Soon Hitler was dictator of Germany.

World War II

In order for Germany to grow, Hitler thought the country needed more land or "living space". He first annexed Austria as part of Germany and then took over part of Czechoslovakia. This wasn't enough, however. On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland and World War II began. Hitler formed an alliance with the Axis Powers of Japan and Italy. They were fighting the Allied Powers of Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States.

Hitler in Paris
from the National Archives

Hitler's army began to take over much of Europe. They attacked quickly in what was called Blitzkrieg or "lightning war". Soon Germany had captured much of Europe including France, Denmark, and Belgium.

However, the Allies fought back. On June 6, 1944 they invaded the beaches of Normandy and soon liberated France. By March of 1945 the Allies had defeated much of the German army. On April 30, 1945 Hitler committed suicide.

The Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansing

Hitler was responsible for some of the most horrible crimes committed in human history. He hated Jewish people and wanted to exterminate them from Germany. He forced Jewish people to go to concentration camps where 6 million Jews were killed during World War II. He also had other people and races he didn't like killed including handicapped people.

Facts about Hitler
  • Hitler loved the circus, especially the acrobats.
  • He never took his coat off, no matter how hot it got.
  • He didn't exercise and didn't like sports.
  • Only one of Hitler's 5 siblings survived childhood, his sister Paula.
  • Hitler was temporarily blind from a mustard gas attack during World War I.
  • He had a cat named Schnitzel.
Works Cited

Biography >> World War II
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